Spinal Disc Herniation
One of the most feelings that generate strength within you, is that picking yourself up every time life burdens weigh you down. This is a lovely metaphor as for the literal one, well having a strong spine forms a great deal of your overall physical strength. Nonetheless, there are plenty of common problems that can cause difficulty in moving or could limit your ability to move, of these problems, the Spinal Disc Herniation.
First, the definition of spinal disc herniation:
The backbone is a series of vertebrae connected together in the back, extending from the neck to the tailbone. Herniated disc (intervertebral disc) or (disc) is a mixture of connective tissue located between the vertebral bones. The disc serves as a shock-absorbing pad and provides the kinetic flexibility of the spine. The herniated disc consists of an outer layer of the cartilaginous tissue called the (angelius fibrosis) and a gel-like center called (nuculus pluspisis).
With age, the disc center may start to lose its water content and dry out, causing the disk to reduce its effectiveness as a pillow, and may displace the nucleus center, or the disc may rupture through an injury to the outer layer. Most disc herniation injuries occur in the lower vertebrae of the lumbar spine, just below the waist.
The rupture of the disc leads to the emergence of protrusions from the disc, which in turn presses the nerves adjacent to the vertebrae of the spine, which leads to a feeling of pain, numbness, and weakness in different areas of the back and legs, and when hernia occurs in the vertebrae, the patient feels tingling and numbness in the arms and shoulders.
Sciatica is another condition of the disc, in which the patient begins to feel pain, numbness, and discomfort in the legs due to the exposure of the femoral nerve to pressure from the protrusion emerging from the lumbar disc in the back.
Not all back pain is necessarily caused by a disc injury, but there are many reasons that lead to feeling back pain, such as muscle tension, arthritis, and osteoporosis.
What Cause Herniation Disc?
The causes of herniated disc:
One of the most important factors in an injury that occurs in the disc is age so that the discs begin to lose their gelatinous properties and reduce their size due to the loss of a large amount of their water content and begin to dry gradually, and there are many other factors, including:
- Suddenly carrying heavy weights, depending on your back muscles.
- Sitting for long periods of time in an incorrect position, such as people who practice long-term office work or drivers.
- Obesity and excess weight that pressure the vertebrae continuously, which results in a rupture of the disc.
- Congenital defects such as spinal stenosis.
- Exposure to a vertebral injury such as a fall or during exercise.
Symptoms Of Disc Herniation:
• Severe back pain and an inability to fully erect the back.
Feeling of numbness and numbness in the legs or hands.
• Muscle tension and tension in the muscles of the back and legs.
• Not being able to stand for long periods or to sit in certain positions.
How to diagnose Disc Herniation?
When a disc injury is suspected, the doctor will perform some tests that help detect a spinal injury such as a CT scan or an MRI scan.
Treatment methods depend on the type of infection and the stages of its development in the patient, and most of the time treatment is carried out either through analgesic drugs and anti-inflammatory. In addition to physical therapy and exercise to strengthen the muscles of the back, and in the event that the situation reaches advanced stages, treatment may require surgical intervention to remove disc joints, to reduce pressure on the nerves passing through the vertebral canal of the spine, which causes severe pain.
Methods of prevention
- Avoid suddenly carrying heavy objects, and follow the correct way to meet objects.
- Exercising in a regular way and working to strengthen the back continuously.
- Reduce weight and avoid excess weight.
- Avoid sitting in a position that is not suitable for the back for long periods of time and standing between periods when working at the office.
We understand the concern caused by reading this information, and the task of the doctors is that they can reassure you and explain your condition to you in detail. Fortunately, our platform allows you to book an appointment with the push of a button, click here to book your appointment.
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