Insulin Resistance Signs

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Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas. It is basically released into the bloodstream so as to circulate around the body and helps the glucose in your bloodstream to enter the cells in your muscle, liver and fat where it is converted to energy.


It is an essential hormone that has many actions in the body that are directed to the metabolism of nutrients. It also regulates the function of the cells in the body which include their growth. 

Insulin resistance is the name given to a condition in which the cells in the body become resistant to the effects of insulin produced in the body. That is, the response of the body’s cells to insulin is reduced or not as it should be.


After eating, insulin is released from the pancreas and this burst is temporary as it declines in production so that we do become hypoglycemic- too low in sugar. Therefore, the body loses its ability to properly store glucose (sugar molecules).


With the presence of insulin resistance, the body begins to produce higher amounts of insulin in an effort to stabilize the glucose present in the blood. This results over time in a condition that is referred to as Hyperinsulinemia. When there is too much insulin present in the bloodstream, this makes it more difficult for the stored fat in the body to be used for energy


Signs and Symptoms


Generally, insulin resistance does not have obvious symptoms. Then symptoms only begin to show up once it leads to secondary effects such as higher blood sugar levels. The most accurate test for insulin resistance is complicated and used mostly for research. Pre-diabetes and metabolic syndrome, which may develop in association with insulin resistance, can cause several signs and symptoms, including:


• Frequent urination

• Excessive thirst

• Dark patches on the groin, armpits, or back of the neck, known as acanthosis nigricans

• Weight gain

• High triglyceride levels and low LDL (good cholesterol)

High blood pressure

• Heart disease


Causes


There are various causes of insulin resistance of which genetic factors are usually significant. Some medications can also contribute to insulin resistance in the body. Being over 45years of age, lack of regular physical activity could contribute to insulin resistance.


Moreover, insulin is usually seen with these health conditions which are mentioned below:


• Pregnancy

• Obesity

• Infection or severe illness

• Stress

• During steroid use

• Inactivity and excess weight


Other factors that could worsen insulin resistance in the body include the following


• Older age

• Sleep apnea

• Cigarette smoking

• Taking some medications


Can insulin resistance be reduced or cured?


It is possible to reduce the effects of insulin resistance. And there are several effective ways you can do this. The effective ways include:


• Very low-calorie diet 

• Low carbohydrate and ketogenic diets

• Doing a lot of physical exercise in combination with a healthy diet.

Weight loss surgery


Most importantly, physical activity and losing weight are better suggested if you need to help your body respond better to insulin.


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