Your Guide To Understanding Depression

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"Every man has his secret sorrows which the world knows not, and often times we call a man cold when he is only sad."

— Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

In a burden-full life that could drag everyone down, some find their way back-up easier than the others, and that is not because other people are weaker! It is because people cope differently with grief. Some can’t just simply let go and move on towards a brighter future, and regardless of what reality might impose on them, they just can’t help it! One depressed person describes being depressed as if your days are the same, you feel no difference happening, you feel insignificant and that no one can help you!

Being sad is one thing and being depressed is another, what we see from people nowadays is that they would describe being sad or frustrated as being depressed. So, to clear the confusion, this article will explain to you the difference between being just sad and being depressed!


Definition of Depression:

According to American Psychology Association, depression is defined as: “Depression is also known as major depressive disorder) is a common and serious medical illness that negatively affects how you feel, the way you think and how you act. Fortunately, it is also treatable. Depression causes feelings of sadness and/or a loss of interest in activities once enjoyed. It can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems and can decrease a person’s ability to function at work and at home.”

According to the World Health Organization, depression is the leading cause of disability worldwide. Globally, more than 300 million people of all ages suffer from the disorder. Depression comes in forms ranging from major depression to dysthymia and seasonal affective disorder. Depressive episodes are also a feature of bipolar disorder.


So, what are the symptoms of Depression Disorder:

• Feeling sad or having a depressed mood

• Loss of interest or pleasure in activities once enjoyed

• Changes in appetite — weight loss or gain unrelated to dieting

• Trouble sleeping or sleeping too much

• Loss of energy or increased fatigue

• Increase in purposeless physical activity (e.g., hand-wringing or pacing) or slowed movements and speech (actions observable by others)

• Feeling worthless or guilty

• Difficulty thinking, concentrating or making decisions

• Thoughts of death or suicide

• Symptoms must last at least two weeks for a diagnosis of depression.


Difference between being sad and being depressed:

Death of a loved one, loss of one’s job and hard break-ups could result in giving you unpleasant feelings and you may cry, scream at the top of your lungs rejecting what has happened, and still, this doesn’t make you depressed, rejecting whatever situation is completely natural and to help you differentiate here is the difference between being sad and being depressed:

After the loss of a dear one, your grief is mixed with some happy memories or positive thoughts. But when you are depressed you would feel the loss of feeling wither pleasure, interest or pleasure for almost two weeks.

When you are sad, you are sad, you wouldn’t hate yourself, but when you are depressed, self-hatred and self-loathing are quite common. For some people, the death of a loved one can bring on major depression. Losing a job or being a victim of a physical assault or a major disaster can lead to depression for some people. When grief and depression co-exist, grief is more severe and lasts longer than grief without depression. Despite some overlap between grief and depression, they are different. Distinguishing between them can help people get the help, support or treatment they need.


Why Depression Happens?

Depression can’t be attributed to one reason, several factors can be attributed to it such as:

• Personal or family history of depression

• Major life changes, trauma, or stress

• Certain physical illnesses and medications

Depression Treatment:

Treating depression could be in so many ways but you have to understand that no two people are affected the same way by depression and there is no "one-size-fits-all" for treatment. It may take some trial and error to find the treatment that works best for you.

Depression, even the most severe cases, can be treated. The earlier that treatment can begin, the more effective it is. Depression is usually treated with medications, psychotherapy, or a combination of the two. If these treatments do not reduce symptoms, electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) and other brain stimulation therapies may be options to explore.


Medication:

Brain chemistry may contribute to an individual’s depression and may factor into their treatment. For this reason, antidepressants might be prescribed to help modify one’s brain chemistry. These medications are not sedatives, “uppers” or tranquilizers. They are not habit-forming. Generally, antidepressant medications have no stimulating effect on people not experiencing depression.

Antidepressants may produce some improvement within the first week or two of use. Full benefits may not be seen for two to three months. If a patient feels little or no improvement after several weeks, his or her psychiatrist can alter the dose of the medication or add or substitute another antidepressant. In some situations, other psychotropic medications may be helpful. It is important to let your doctor know if a medication does not work or if you experience side effects.


Psychotherapy:

Psychotherapy, or “talk therapy,” is sometimes used alone for treatment of mild depression; for moderate to severe depression, psychotherapy is often used in along with antidepressant medications. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has been found to be effective in treating depression. CBT is a form of therapy focused on the present and problem solving. CBT helps a person to recognize distorted thinking and then change behaviors and thinking.

Psychotherapy may involve only the individual, but it can include others. For example, family or couples therapy can help address issues within these close relationships. Group therapy involves people with similar illnesses.

Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT)

 is a medical treatment most commonly used for patients with severe major depression or bipolar disorder who have not responded to other treatments. It involves a brief electrical stimulation of the brain while the patient is under anesthesia. A patient typically receives ECT two to three times a week for a total of six to 12 treatments. ECT has been used since the 1940s, and many years of research have led to major improvements. It is usually managed by a team of trained medical professionals including a psychiatrist, an anesthesiologist, and a nurse or physician assistant.

After discussing Treatment of depression it is vital for you when you no someone who has depression to not tell them to stop it, that it is taking them too long to recover or that life isn’t easy for anyone and that they must suck it up and let go! It is important to embrace them and contain them if a depressed person is choosing to confide in you, offer them some help and guide them to a therapist luckily our platform provides you with booking an appointment immediately. Click here.

References:

1- https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/depression/index.shtml

2- https://www.psychiatry.org/patients-families/depression/what-is-depression

3- https://www.psychologytoday.com/intl/basics/depression


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