Appendicitis, Causes, Symptoms & Treatment
What is Appendicitis :
Appendicitis is an inflammation of the Appendix: A small finger-shaped pouch on the right side of the abdomen, connected to the colon. Appendicitis is usually caused by an infection causing pus discharges and dead cells, leading to severe abdominal pain.
Symptoms of appendicitis:
There are many symptoms associated with appendicitis; divided into two types:
The first type is pain caused by appendicitis, occurs suddenly before other clinical symptoms:
• Severe and sudden pain in the right lower abdomen.
• Feeling pain around the navel and gradually move to the lower abdomen.
• Pain increases while moving, coughing, sneezing, and taking a deep breath.
• Pain increases by time may lead to awakening the patient from sleep.
• The patient feels sudden pain without warning or the emergence of any symptoms that may indicate the presence of inflammation
The location of the pain may vary from one patient to another. Age, appendix location, and pregnancy are the most common factors of appendixs' pain.
The second type of symptoms are symptoms that affect the vital functions of the gastrointestinal tract, including:
• Diarrhea or constipation.
• Gases and bloating.
• Fever or mild fever
Causes of appendicitis:
Obstruction of the Appendix is the leading cause of infection in most cases, causing helminths or bacteria that multiply very quickly. As a result of that, the Appendix becomes swollen and filled with pus, and the patient starts experiencing the clinical symptoms.
Complications of appendicitis:
Excess explosion and spread of pus in the abdomen lead to infection throughout the abdomen, a severe condition requiring rapid surgical intervention to remove the excess and clean the abdomen from pus and bacteria.
Pus-filled pockets are in the abdomen. If the excess explodes, it may result in sinus-containing pus, which needs to be drained out of the body by a surgeon by placing an intravenous tube through the abdominal for two weeks along with antibiotics to fight infections.
Surgery (Appendectomy) is the most appropriate way to treat appendicitis and intravenous antibiotics to reduce the amount of bacteria present. The process can be done in different ways, either by opening the abdomen (the classic method) and removing the Appendix or through laparoscopic surgery, which requires smaller incisions, leaves no traces, and allows a faster recovery than the conventional procedure.
There are no proven studies that support the prevention of appendicitis, but a high fiber diet may help to prevent the inflammation.
if you have more than two symptoms it is better to see a doctor, to book an appointment with one of UAEs' best doctors, click here.
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